Mandate of the Station
The station is located at an altitude of 974 M above MSL, about 100 km. East of Calicut and 10 km. From Sulthan Bathery. The station enjoys a mild subtropical climate. The total area of the station is 87.3 ha and grows a wide variety of crops like coffee, pepper, rice including scented varieties, spices like ginger, turmeric, clove, cinnamon , tropical and subtropical fruits, summer and cool season vegetables. The station is assigned with the mandate of solving location, specific problems of horticultural and spice crops.
Lead functions : Pepper and pepper based cropping in high ranges, cool season vegetables, hill paddy, soil and water management, subtropical fruits and tree spices, coffee based cropping system.
Verification function : Essential oils, medicinal plants & ginger.
Ten farming situations have been identified in the high range zone as detailed below.
- Coffee in homestead gardens
- Coffee as a pure crop
- Intercropping in young coffee and pepper plantation with annuals
- Pepper as pure crop
- Cardamom cultivation in forest lands
- Tea plantations
- Rubber plantations
- Coffee + pepper mixed cropping
- Annual crops in up lands
- Annual crops in wet lands